Scientific Sessions

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Scientific Sessions

Conference Elite appreciate your participation in this Conference. Every Conference is divided into several sessions of subfields. Select the Subfield of your choice please.

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Session 1 :Cardiovascular Medicine

Cardiovascular Medicine is concerned with the study and research, medical and clinical care and treatment of cardiac patients. It deals with the prevention, and treatment of cardiovascular disease. Our goal is to provide excellence in teaching, research and clinical care. Cardiovascular Medicine provides clinical services health care system. It deals with compassionate and cutting edge preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic services to patients with coronary artery disease, valvular heart disease, arrhythmia, aortic disease and heart failure.  It is committed to the highest level of patient care and the discovery and development of better treatments for cardiovascular diseases. It also advances the basic science investigations and support clinical trials of new therapeutic approaches.

Session 2 :Cardiac Surgery

Cardiothoracic surgery also known as cardiac surgery is the field of medicine involved in surgical treatment of organs inside the thorax or the chest and generally treatment of conditions of the heart disease and lung disease. In most countries, cardiac surgery involving the heart and the great vessels and general thoracic surgery involving the lungs, esophagus, thymus, etc are separate surgical specialties. The earliest operations on the pericardium or the sac that surrounds the heart took place in the 19th century and were performed by Francisco Romero in 1801. The first surgery on the heart itself was performed by Norwegian surgeon Axel Cappelen on 4 September 1895 at Rikshospitalet in Kristiania, now Oslo.

 

Session 3 :Heart Diseases

Heart disease describes a range of conditions that affect your heart. Diseases under the heart disease umbrella include blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems or arrhythmias; and heart defects like congenital heart defects among others. Heart Diseases also called cardiovascular disease refers to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain or angina or stroke. Other heart conditions such as those that affect your heart's muscle, valves or rhythm, also are considered forms of heart disease. Symptoms include chest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure and chest discomfort also known as angina; shortness of breath, pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed; pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back.

 

Session 4 :Arrhythmias

Heart arrhythmia also known as arrhythmia, dysrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat is a group of conditions in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow. A heart rate that is too fast above 100 beats per minute in adults is called tachycardia and a heart rate that is too slow below 60 beats per minute is called bradycardia. Many types of arrhythmia have no symptoms. When symptoms are present these may include palpitations or feeling a pause between heartbeats. In more serious cases there may be lightheadedness, passing out, shortness of breath, or chest pain. While most types of arrhythmia are not serious, some predispose a person to complications such as stroke or heart failure. Others may result in cardiac arrest.

Session 5 :Molecular Cardiology

Molecular cardiology is a new and fast-growing area of cardiovascular medicine that aims to apply molecular biology techniques for the mechanistic investigation, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease. As an emerging discipline it has changed conceptual thinking of cardiovascular development, disease etiology and pathophysiology. Molecular cardiology is still at a very early stage and it has opened a promising avenue for understanding and controlling cardiovascular disease. With the rapid development and application of molecular biology techniques, scientists and clinicians are closer to curing heart diseases that were thought to be incurable 20 years ago. There clearly is a need for a more thorough understanding of the molecular mechanisms of cardiovascular diseases to promote the advancement of stem cell therapy and gene therapy for heart diseases.

Session 6 :Hypertension

Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. It leads to severe complications and increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and death. Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels. The pressure depends on the work being done by the heart and the resistance of the blood vessels. Medical guidelines define hypertension as a blood pressure higher than 130 over 80 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) according to guidelines issued by the American Heart Association (AHA) in November 2017. Acute causes of high blood pressure include stress, but it can happen on its own, or it can result from an underlying condition, such as kidney disease. Unmanaged hypertension can lead to a heart attack, stroke, and other problems. Lifestyle factors are the best way to address high blood pressure.

Session 7 :Cardiac Nursing and Healthcare

Cardiac nursing is a nursing specialty that works with patients who suffer from various conditions of the cardiovascular system. Cardiac nurses help treat conditions such as unstable angina, cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction and cardiac dysrhythmia under the direction of a cardiologist. Cardiac nurses perform postoperative care on a surgical unit, stress test evaluations, cardiac monitoring, vascular monitoring, and health assessments. Cardiac nurses must possess specialized skills in electrocardiogram monitoring, defibrillation, and medication administration by continuous intravenous drip. Cardiac nurses work in many different environments, including coronary care units (CCU), cardiac catheterization, intensive care units (ICU), operating theatres, cardiac rehabilitation centers, clinical research, cardiac surgery wards, cardiovascular intensive care units (CVICU), and cardiac medical wards.

Session 8 :Cardiovascular Engineering

Cardiovascular Engineering is concerned with research from basic to translational, in all aspects of cardiovascular physiology and medical treatment. It offers academic and industrial investigators a forum for the dissemination of research that utilizes engineering principles and methods to advance fundamental knowledge and technological solutions related to the cardiovascular system. Coverage ranges from subcellular to systems level topics, including among others, implantable medical devices; hemodynamics and tissue biomechanics; functional imaging; surgical devices; electrophysiology; tissue engineering and regenerative medicine; diagnostic instruments; transport and delivery of biologics; and sensors. On one hand is the development of cardiac assist devices, heart valve replacement and lung assist devices; on the other hand is the applied research in the field of blood compatibility, numerical simulation and experimental testing.

Session 9 :Cardiac Regeneration

Adult humans fail to regenerate their hearts following injury and this failure to regenerate myocardium is a leading cause of heart failure and death worldwide. Although all adult mammals appear to lack significant cardiac regeneration potential, some vertebrates can regenerate myocardium throughout life. In addition new studies indicate that mammals have cardiac regeneration potential during development and very soon after birth. The mechanisms of heart regeneration among model organisms, including neonatal mice, appear remarkably similar. Orchestrated waves of inflammation, matrix deposition and remodeling, and cardiomyocyte proliferation are commonly seen in heart regeneration models. Understanding why adult mammals develop extensive scarring instead of regeneration is a crucial goal for regenerative biology.

Session 10 :Pediatric Cardiology

Pediatric Cardiology is a pediatrician who has received extensive training in diagnosing and treating children's cardiac problems. Evaluation and treatment may begin with the fetus since heart problems can now be detected before birth. When a pediatrician suspects a heart problem, pediatric cardiologist is referred to investigate further. Common causes for a referral to the pediatric cardiologist include heart murmurs, chest pain, dizzy spells or palpitations. Initial evaluations may result in the patient and parents being reassured that there is nothing to worry about. A pediatric cardiology is trained to perform and interpret procedures such as electrocardiograms, echocardiograms and exercise tests. In cases of more significant heart disease, a pediatric cardiologist may perform a cardiac catheterization in order to diagnose or treat the child's heart problem.

Session 11 :Cardiac Diagnostic Tests

Cardiac Diagnostic Tests are on the constant development. New tests are constantly being developed to further the understanding of disease, injury, and congenital present at birth or acquired abnormalities of the heart. These are just a few of the tests that have been used to diagnose heart and blood vessel disease cardiovascular. Electrocardiogram (ECG) records the electrical activity of the heart, shows abnormal rhythms (arrhythmias), and can sometimes detect heart muscle damage. Further tests are Echocardiogram also known as echo which is a noninvasive test that uses sound waves to evaluate your heart's chambers and valves, as well as its pumping function. Transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) inserts a small swallow probe about the size of a little finger passes down the esophagus nearer to the heart. It allows a closer look at the heart's structure and function. It also shows any abnormal tissue around your heart valves, if blood is leaking backward through a valve, and if blood clots are present in your heart chambers. And several other diagnostic tests are conducted.

Session 12 :Nuclear Cardiology & Cardiac CT

During the past two decades, major strides have been made in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease. Nuclear Cardiology has played a pivotal role in establishing the diagnosis of heart disease and in the assessment of disease extent and the prediction of outcomes in the setting of coronary artery disease. Nuclear cardiology studies use noninvasive techniques to assess myocardial blood flow, evaluate the pumping function of the heart as well as visualize the size and location of a heart attack. Among the techniques of nuclear cardiology, myocardial perfusion imaging is the most widely used. Cardiac computed tomography (CT) for Calcium Scoring uses special x-ray equipment to produce pictures of the coronary arteries to determine if they are blocked or narrowed by the buildup of plaque is an indicator for atherosclerosis or coronary artery disease (CAD).

Session 13 :Interventional Cardiology Imaging

Non?invasive cardiac imaging covers a broad spectrum of investigations including echocardiography, radionuclide imaging, computed tomography (CT), and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Major developments have been made over the last couple of decades and non?invasive imaging is currently not only important for our understanding of pathobiological mechanisms that underlie cardiovascular diseases, but also an integral part of the everyday practice of clinical cardiology for diagnosis, risk stratification, management decisions, as well as treatment monitoring and assessment of its effect. The applications of various non?invasive techniques in the setting of interventional cardiology are the use of coronary and non?coronary stents, cardiac resynchronization therapy, and transcatheter heart?valve devices. Of particular interest are echocardiography, cardiac CT, and CMR which are all part of interventional cardiology imaging.

Session 14 :Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions

Robotic technology is now being utilized in interventional cardiology partially as a direct result of the increasing appreciation of the long-term occupational hazards of the field. This review was undertaken to report the clinical outcomes of percutaneous robotic coronary and peripheral vascular interventions. Areas covered are a systematic study of percutaneous robotic cardiovascular interventions was undertaken. The safety and feasibility of percutaneous robotically-assisted cardiovascular interventions has been validated in simple to complex coronary disease, and iliofemoral disease. Studies have shown that robotically-assisted PCI significantly reduces operator exposure to harmful ionizing radiation without compromising procedural success or clinical efficacy. In addition to the operator benefits percutaneous robotically-assisted cardiovascular interventions has the potential for patient advantages by allowing more accurate lesion length measurement, precise stent placement and lower patient radiation exposure.

 

Session 15 :Cardiovascular Toxicology and Pharmacology

Cardiovascular Toxicology and Pharmacology is concerned with the treatment of cardiovascular disease. It deals with the understanding of general pharmacologic principles and mechanisms of action of cardiovascular drugs but more importantly, with an understanding of the rationale for drug use; clinical disorders, drug therapeutic classes, and drug class mechanisms. Ischemic injury to the heart triggers sterile inflammation that activates the NLRP3 inflammasome.  Activation of this intracellular macromolecular sensor of intracellular danger and tissue injury amplifies the inflammatory response causing further damage to the heart. Anti-ischemic drug therapy during anesthesia is indicated whenever evidence of myocardial ischemia exists. The treatment of ischemia during anesthesia is complicated by the ongoing stress of surgery, blood loss, concurrent organ ischemia, and the patient's inability to interact with the anesthesiologist.

Session 16 :Clinical Cases in Cardiology

The aim of these clinical cases is to present real and typical clinical scenarios, discuss findings and management in the light of current recommendations and follow the clinical course of the case. All major topics in modern clinical cardiology are addressed, including acute ischemic heart disease, conditions that mimic ischemic heart disease, heart failure and resynchronization therapy, cardiomyopathy, valvular heart disease, arrhythmias and channelopathies. Since the purpose is an education in general cardiology, case scenarios should not deal with very rare situations. It presents and describes a series of informative clinical cases with the aim of providing cardiologists and students with a clear understanding of the most frequent and challenging scenarios that a cardiologist may face during daily clinical practice.